Street Furniture Guidelines
Street furniture, well chosen and appropriately sited can enhance and complement their location discreetly. Carefully considered street furniture and materials can help strengthen character, improve the quality of the streetscape and provide people with the things they need to enjoy the town. Without careful consideration, street furniture can have the opposite effect.
The Street Furniture Guidelines aims to ensure a consistent, coordinated and high quality approach to street furniture in Maidstone town centre. The SFG is designed for everyone who specifies and/or installs street furniture in the town centre. This includes Council officers, developers and contractors.
With advice on general principles, guidance, siting, and installing street furniture, it supports efforts to enhance the character, quality and fitness for purpose of Maidstone town centre’s streetscape.
The Street Furniture Guidelines are based on the general philosophy that the town’s public spaces should enhance rather than restrict the ability of all residents to enjoy them to their maximum potential.
The Street Furniture Guidelines contribute to delivery of the town’s Public Realm vision as set out in the Public Realm Design Guide. Maidstone Borough Council’s (MBC) Local Plan sets out the overarching planning policy for the public realm under Council Policy DM1 Principals of good Design. The aims of DM1 most relevant to Street Furniture are:
- Respond positively to and where possible enhance, the local, natural or historic character of the area. Particular regard will be paid to scale, height, materials, detailing, mass, bulk, articulation and site coverage - incorporating a high quality, modern design approach and making use of vernacular materials where appropriate
- Create high quality public realm and, where opportunities permit, provide improvements, particularly in town centre locations.
- Provide a high quality design, which responds to areas of heritage, townscape and landscape value or uplifts an area of poor environmental quality.
- Incorporate measures for the adequate storage of waste, including provision for increasing recyclable waste
- Provide adequate vehicular and cycle parking to meet adopted council standards.
In addition the regeneration of Maidstone town centre is a priority as supported by Policy SP4. The aims of SP4 most relevant to Street Furniture are:
1. Development in the town centre should demonstrate a quality of design that responds positively to the townscape, including ensuring the conservation and enhancement of the town centre’s historic fabric.
2. Contributes to the priority public realm and accessibility improvement schemes for the town centre identified in the Infrastructure Delivery Plan.
Street Furniture Guidelines (SFG)
The SFG set out standard design and installation specifications for the elements that make up the streetscape along with the issues that should be considered when choosing and implementing them.
The following guidelines provide quick and easy access to key information relating to street furniture. Each section is divided into four key areas:
1. General principles that should inform decisions on street furniture.
2. Guidance on which type of street furniture should be used in which location.
3. Siting - guidance on the best locations for items of street furniture
4. Installation - guidance on correct methods of installing the item of street furniture (Please refer to the Westminster Standard and the New Roads and Street Works act 1991, section 50, to cover all legal questions).
Street furniture can facilitate or encourage positive activity within the streetscape; such as seating or cycle stands. It can also prevent behaviour from occurring such as guardrails and bollards. As a general rule, only essential street furniture shall be introduced into the streetscape.
Where an item of street furniture is used to prevent behaviour (for example a bollard to stop vehicles from damaging a footway), consider if this can be fixed in a different way (such as by strengthening the footway).
If new street furniture is absolutely necessary, consider whether it is able to fulfill a dual function. For example, a bin could be located to also prevent vehicles from damaging a pavement so that a separate bollard is not required.
Avoid including street furniture in a scheme to pre-empt a potential problem that may not actually happen.
Wherever possible, remove redundant items of street furniture when undertaking a project in an area. Consider whether new items of street furniture be combined with existing street furniture to minimise additional clutter. This also applies to utility junction boxes.
To ensure consistent quality and character the choice of street furniture for Maidstone town centre should reflect the standard item for MBC or the agreed character type for the zone it will be located in. Further information on the identified zones is referenced in the Public Realm Design Guide. Formal furniture can also be commissioned as part of public art, but this should be appropriate to the context and identity of the location, and the item must be agreed in advance with MBC’s Design and Conservation Team.
Maidstone Town Centre has adopted different colours for street furniture depending on the zone. Water based paint in dark blue RAL 5011 and gold should be used as a standard across the town centre except a standard black & gold for the heritage and historic zone. This will be agreed with MBC’s Conservation Team and KCC prior to installation.
Consideration should be given to retaining historic/heritage street furniture. Existing historic street furniture such as lamp columns, monuments and railings may be an important part of Maidstone’s heritage. If in any doubt, check with MBC’s Design and Conservation Team.
If considering replicating historic designs, ensure details are accurate and authentic.
Consider tonal contrasts between the item of street furniture and wider street-scene so as not to create hazards for visually impaired people.
Ensure all new items of street furniture are recorded on MBC’s Asset Database, managed by the Street Scene Manager, Environmental Services Section. The Asset Database requires the location, make, model and manufacturer to enable easier future maintenance or replacement. This database provides the standard makes and models for all street furniture used in the Borough and should be used as a reference for all new street furniture. Any deviation from the standard should be agreed in advance with MBC’s Street Scene Operations Manager.
Always consider future maintenance implications of street furniture, minimalist solutions are also simple to maintain. All street furniture should be guaranteed to an industry standard of 5 years, but consideration should also be given beyond this time frame – please liaise with the Street Scene Operations Manager, Environmental Services Section.
When undertaking any streetscape works caution must be applied in regard to the protection of tree roots and other underground elements such as utilities.
Where possible, any surfacing material reinstated during the fixing or removal of an item of street furniture should be the same as that used in the surrounding street, in terms of both colour and specification. Where this is not possible the replacement material should complement the primary existing surface material as closely as possible.
If you are not sure about installation seek advice from Kent County Council’s (KCC) Highway Services team when installing any furniture, so there is no impact on drainage or water flows.
Damaged street furniture should be repaired, replaced or removed at the earliest opportunity and replaced with like for like.
When installing new seating consider the existing offer including: public (e.g. a bench), private (e.g. café), formal (something designed specifically for seating) and informal (something people sit on that is not designed for seating alone; such as steps or a wall) seating opportunities. Upgrade existing benches if they are unfit for purpose when undertaking a scheme in an area.
Both formal and informal seating can be provided through either an artistic commission or the defined standard for each zone. Where seating is provided through an artistic commission, guidance from the Public Art Policy should be applied.
Identify a place that people actually want to sit.
Ensure there is sufficient room on the footway to prevent the seating causing an obstruction.
Select a specific location for new seating, considering how users may benefit from the surroundings and sensory experiences.
Protect from unpleasant experiences such as wind, rain and in some instances vehicular traffic.
As per Westminster Standard. Westminster Standard is adhered to by MBC’s Environmental Services Section, and relates to the industry standards for Street Furniture.
When installing cycle stands explore the surrounding area to determine whether there is an unmet demand, such as cycles attached to other street furniture.
Consider future proofing the scheme by adding more stands than may currently be required. Cycle stands should be installed in banks of 5.
Whenever cycle stands are being considered, contact the MBC’s Transport Planning team for advice.
Stainless steel Zenith stands should be used in all locations.
Any departure from the prescribed standard will need prior agreement with MBC’s Street Scene Operations Manager.
Cycle stands should be placed in a visible position. Cycle stands should also be placed on cycle desire lines, and is located as close to the user’s destination as possible. Ideally, cycle parking should be located within 25 metres of significant destinations (such as a railway station).
Cycle stands should be placed in a position where users feel it is safe to leave their bike, and also in a position where users feel safe at all times of the day. Overlooked, lively locations work better than deserted spaces. Cycle stands must not impede pedestrian movement.
As per Westminster Standard (as above)
Ensure necessary and practical bin provision is included as an integral part of the scheme design.
All bins throughout the town should be provided with integrated ashtrays. Any deviation from the standard bin should be agreed in advance with MBC’s Street Scene Operations Manager.
Bins should be located as close as possible to sources of rubbish generation, such as bus stops, benches and shop entrances and in positions that enable easy servicing access.
Where possible, site bins close to other items of street furniture (such as lamp columns or bus shelters) to reduce the area taken up by the street furniture collectively.
Bins should not be located in positions that obstruct pedestrian flow.
The installation of standard MBC bins are overseen by the Street Scene Operations Manager, Environmental Services Section.
In general, the use of bollards should be avoided wherever possible – footway strengthening is always the preferable option. As a secondary use, bollards can be used help to protect upper buildings that overhang onto the public highway.
Wherever possible consider the removal of redundant bollards.
Suitably chosen and located bollards can make a positive contribution to the character of a street or area. The borough’s standard bollard is set out in the Street Furniture Database where details of the correct historic bollard for each area of the town can also be found.
Choices in relation to materials and deviation from the standard or historic bollard type must be agreed in advance with Council’s Maintenance and Design and Conservation teams (and anyone else considered relevant by those teams).
When bollards are required, their location should not obstruct pedestrian desire lines.
Only use the minimum number of bollards necessary to achieve your objective.
Where more than one bollard is installed, bollards should line up with each other and be regularly spaced.
Installation of bollards involves removal of the existing foot way surface, setting the bollard in concrete foundations, and reinstatement of the foot way surface.
When a bollard is reinstated, or a new bollard is provided, surface materials should be carefully re-laid and as close as possible to the primary existing surface material.
Street lighting forms a highly visible and vital part of the streetscape. Lighting is provided to enable safe use of the highway for road users and pedestrians and also helps to promote strong and safe communities.
Lighting can also be a key element in successful regeneration projects and can provide an area with a strong visual identity.
For Maidstone town centre lighting columns should have fixings for Christmas decorations and a power point.
KCC has a Street Lighting Strategy in place, which outlines the basic principles and standards applying to street lighting in Kent. Some lighting columns that exist in the town centre belong to MBC.
The standard colour for lighting columns is light grey (as defined in BS 4800 colour code 00 A O1). Maidstone town centre has adopted different colours for street furniture depending on the zone and therefore the columns may require a different colour. Any departure from the prescribed standard will need prior agreement with MBC’s Street Scene Operations Manager, Conservation Team and KCC prior to installation.
Siting of guardrail will be governed by the specific requirements of each location, seek guidance from KCC.
New lighting columns and lanterns must comply with Kent Design Guide and the KCC Street Lighting Policy and Strategy.
Guardrails can be unsightly, create a hostile environment for pedestrians and encourage higher vehicle speeds. They can also be expensive to maintain.
Guardrails should be avoided unless there is a clear evidence of its need. KCC provides guidance on procedures to inform provisions and removal of guardrails through their Highways Team.
Siting of guardrail will be governed by the specific requirements of each location, seek guidance from KCC.
As per KCC guidelines.
Further guidance and advice please contact:Street Scene Operations Manager
Environmental Services Section
Maidstone Borough Council Depot
Park Wood Trading Estate
Or call 01622 602390