Infrastructure Funding Statement 2021/22


Introduction

Maidstone Infrastructure Funding Statement (IFS)

This sets out the 2021/2022 income and expenditure relating to the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) and Section 106 (S106) agreements, as required under the 2019 CIL Regulations 121A. This is an annual report (typically published in December), providing a summary of all financial and non-financial developer contributions for the last financial year, but does not cover implementation details. It also provides a statement of the infrastructure projects or types of infrastructure which will be, or may be, wholly or partly funded by the authority’s Community Infrastructure Levy.

The purpose of the developer contributions is to provide a funding source which will help to deliver necessary infrastructure to accommodate new development across the borough. This necessary infrastructure is identified within the Maidstone Borough Local Plan (2011 - 2031), and the associated Infrastructure Delivery Plan (IDP 2021) which identifies the infrastructure schemes considered necessary to support the development proposed in the Local Plan and outlines how and when these will be delivered. This also contains the council’s Infrastructure List setting out which types of infrastructure not in order of priority, which Maidstone intends may be partly or wholly funded by CIL.

CIL: was introduced in Maidstone on 1 October 2018. It is a non-negotiable financial levy fixed rate charging schedule collected from development but there is no site/spend relationship, and it must be paid once the development commences.

The borough council is the charging authority for CIL and has set the following charges in Maidstone:

Development type/location

CIL charge per square metre

Residential (within the urban boundary)

£93

Residential (outside the urban boundary)

£99

Site H1 (11) Springfield, Royal Engineers Road,
Maidstone

£77

Retirement and extra care housing

£45

Retail - wholly or mainly convenience

£150

Retail - wholly or mainly comparison (outside the town centre boundary)

£75

All other forms of CIL liable floorspace

£0

There are exemptions available for self-build and affordable housing, however Maidstone Borough Council (MBC) does not offer exceptional circumstances relief due to the MBC viability evidence that new development would be able to sustain a CIL charge.

The Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations 2010 (as amended) state that CIL must be spent on: the provision, improvement, replacement, operation, or maintenance of infrastructure; or anything else that is concerned with addressing the demands that development places on an area. 15% or 25% of CIL is used for local infrastructure, 70% or 80% strategic borough wide infrastructure and 5% will be used by the Council to provide staff costs for the administration of CIL.

Strategic CIL Expenditure - the strategic CIL funds will be available for infrastructure providers to bid for in mid-2022 (see more information on page 11).

S106 Planning Agreements are negotiated legal agreements which provide for on/off site infrastructure to mitigate the impact of a specific development required and to make a development acceptable.

Where appropriate, planning authorities can seek planning obligations to secure the provision or contribution towards new or improved infrastructure. Authorities can also use planning obligations to secure affordable housing provisions from residential developments in line with local planning policies. Contributions collected from a site must be spent in accordance with the legal agreement normally paid at a staggered period over the build out of the development

Other Funding Sources

If funding gaps remain for infrastructure projects, infrastructure providers will need to identify other funding sources to address the gap. Alternative sources of funding from other council sources (i.e. the New Homes Bonus and capital funding programme) may be considered where appropriate.

    CIL and S106 reports 2021/22

    Community Infrastructure Levy report

    Headlines

    CIL Opening balance from 01/10/2018 to 01/04/2021

    £1,713,187

    CIL Income received during 2021/22

    £1,500,458

    CIL Expenditure spent during 2021/22

    £ 75,642

    CIL Closing balance from 01/10/2018 to 31/03/2022

    £3,173,699

    CIL Summary 2021/22

    Type

    Potentially *liable

    Collected

    Allocated

    Spent

    Balance

    CIL Admin

    £42,339

    £75,022

    £38,695

    £38,695

    £36,327

    CIL Neighbourhood

    £139,369

    £235,229

    £198,466

    £36,946

    £198,282

    CIL Strategic

    £665,088

    £1,190,206

    £0.00

    £0.00

    £1,190,206

    CIL Total

    *£846,798

    £1,500,458

    £237,161

    £75,642

    £ 1,424,816

    *The amount of potential CIL income based on liable development applications, before any relief granted, and commencement

    Neighbourhood CIL Expenditure in 2021/22

    Table A

    Neighbourhood CIL

    Date

    Amount allocated

    Boughton Malherbe

    28 October 2021

    £4,357.92

    Coxheath

    28 October 2021

    £5,937.78

    East Farleigh

    28 April 2021

    £1,380.84

    East Farleigh

    28 October 2021

    £911.17

    Hollingbourne

    28 April 2021

    £375.00

    Langley

    21 April 2021

    £19,194.18

    Langley

    28 October 2021

    £19,194.18

    Lenham

    28 April 2021

    £12,681.73

    Lenham

    28 October 2021

    £2,661.24

    Linton

    28 October 2021

    £2,900.43

    Marden

    28 April 2021

    £37.50

    Marden

    28 October 2021

    £225.00

    Otham

    28 April 2021

    £51,172.75

    Otham

    28 October 2021

    £51,172.75

    Neighbourhood CIL project spend 2021/22

    Table B

    Neighbourhood CIL

    *Infrastructure project or item

    Spent

    North Loose Residents Association

    Refurbish & waterproof existing noticeboard sign & Supply 1 No. new lockable notice board A0 size with key locks and felt backboard  Install either option A or B on new posts concreted in position

    £970.80

    Harrietsham

    Sign at War Memorial

    £795.00

    Harrietsham

    Bench - Cutbush Close

    £482.00

    Harrietsham

    Noticeboard - West Street

    £1,924.00

    Harrietsham

    Gazebos for events

    £278.00

    Harrietsham

    Defibrillator & case

    £1,205.00

    Tovil

    Trees for Queens Canopy

    £694.12

    Otham

    Footpath Restrictor

    £1,200.00

    Lenham

    Lime Tree Removal in churchyard/Winter Pansies for village Planters/remove fallen tree on football field/grass and hedgerow maintenance/summer bedding plants for village planters/Bramble removal at picnic site/New picnic table at picnic site/New picnic table act play park

    £15,319.68

    Langley

    Sid Purchase and Installation/Langley Village Hall Refurbishment/Football equipment shed

    £14,078.24

    Total

     

    £36,946.84

    *Completion data not available.

    S106 Report

    S106 Headlines

    S106 Opening balance at 01/04/2021

    £12,968,124

    S106 Income during 2021/22

    £10,969,707

    S106 Expenditure during 2021/22

    £3,879,675

    S106 Closing balance at 31/03/2022

    £20,058,156

    S106 Summary 2021/22

    S106 Agreements signed in 2021/22

    In 2021/22 Maidstone Borough Council signed new S106s which secured a total of £781,130.96 in future developer contributions. The most significant agreements were:

    • Rosemead Nursery, Headcorn 20/504050/OUT Off-Site Affordable Housing Contribution £265,000
    • Former Syngenta Works, Yalding 19/504910/OUT £ 55,600 towards Yalding Railway Station Improvements
    • Land Off Oakapple Lane, Barming 20/501773/FULL £ 50,000 towards Barming Railway Station Improvements, and  £ 246,159 towards Local Bus Subsidy

    Non-monetary contributions - affordable housing

    In relation to affordable housing, the total number of units which were agreed through S106 during the reported year was 105 including, 82 affordable rented units and 21 shared ownership units.

    Deed signed

    Planning application

    Housing numbers

    Affordable rent

    Shared ownership

    Market discount

    28/04/2021

    07/05/2021

    24/06/2021

    15/07/2021

    10/08/2021

    20/500153

    20/504127

    20/501240

    20/501773

    20/505350

    35

    72

    17

    181

    18

    35

    -

    5

    38

    4

    -

    -

    2

    16

    3

    -

    2

    -

    -

    -

    Total

      

    82

    21

    2

    In relation to affordable housing delivered, the total number of units which were delivered through planning obligations in 2021/22 was 390. Of these, 244 were a mix of social and affordable rented units and 146 were shared ownership.

    S106 Income in 2021/22

    Table C

    Infrastructure type

    S106 Income

    Affordable housing (off-site commuted sums)

    £1,022,527

    Bus services (KCC)

    £ 232,882

    Community facility

    £287,577

    Cycle route (KCC)

    £123,850

    Monitoring committees

    £8,376

    Railway Station Improvements

    £ 252,240

    Education (KCC)

    £7,286,307

    Healthcare (NHS)

    £687,784

    Highways (KCC)

    £109,405

    Travel plan agreement fee

    £50

    Travel plan monitoring fee (KCC)

    £13,068

    Libraries (KCC)

    £50,556

    Community learning (KCC)

    £17,566

    Youth Services (KCC)

    £9,053

    Adult Social Services (KCC)

    £6,598

    Open Spaces

    £833,628

    Public Rights of Way (KCC)

    £7,981

    S106 Monitoring Fees

    £ 20,250

    Total

    £ 10,969,707

    S106 Expenditure in 2021/22

    Table D

    Infrastructure type*

    S106 Expenditure

    Community Facilities; St Faiths Community Centre; Community Facilities Needs Study for Otham Parish Council

    £  219,706.16

    Public Rights of way (KCC); To upgrade the surface of Public Footpath KM276

    £ 8,890.92

    Education Primary (KCC); Expansion of Southborough Primary School;phase 2 expansion of Headcorn Primary School; Langley Primary School expansion; Phase 2 expansion of Harrietsham Primary

    £2,494,723.39

    Education Secondary (KCC); Expansion of  Maplesden Noakes Secondary School

    £261,203.40

    Healthcare (NHS); Towards Portacabin in South Lane &  Clinical Room at Cobtree; Wallis Avenue - The plumbing system at the premises; Refurbishment & reconfiguration of ground floor corridor in Staplehurst Health Centre; Towards portacabins at Marden Medical Centre

    £402,654.88

    Libraries (KCC);  Additional bookstock at Bearsted Library; Staplehurst Library;  Additional bookstock for the mobile library attending Harrietsham

    £30,403.72

    Community Learning (KCC); The purchase of Laptops to be used for Adult Education at Staplehurst library

    £3,078.96

    Youth Services (KCC); Youth based activities to be delivered within Staplehurst

    £865.74

    Open Spaces;  Additional gym equipment at Hoggs Bridge Green, Headcorn;  To extend tarmac and footpath from the Children Play Area on Surrenden Field to the pedestrian entrance;  To provide a new Multi Court Area (muga), new goal posts, benches and picnic tables at the recreation site Hoggs Bridge Green; play equipment on Days Green (The Gamenetic); New accessible path and new kissing gate at Salts Wood; installation of a wildflower meadow and pond at Walk Meadow; replace climbing wall & climbing ramp at Surrenden Field play area;  To install 3 picnic tables on Parsonage Meadow;  Refurbishment of play area at Barming Heath; to develop and install new play facilities in Mote Park for integrated play and exercise;  Collis Millenium Green Trust for works at the Green; Oakwood Cemetery restoring wall and improving access; Towards the costs of provision of improvements or renewal of the play area at Woodbridge Drive, Tovil;  works to spencers field Bell Lane car park; improvements works to River Len Safety barrier Works; maintenance at Clare Park; Penenden Heath History Garden; New footpath at Midley Close Playing Area; Tarmac repairs at Brenchley Gardens

    £ 458,148.16

    Total

    £  3,879,675.33

    *Completion data not available

    S106 developer contributions are paid over a staggered period or ‘trigger points’ during the build out of the development. This means there will be intervals in receiving the S106 monies which reflects in a fluctuation of the balance of monies collected.  Likewise, the expenditure balances will also be impacted by the timing of the delivery of projects. These are regulated within a S106 clause which allows time for the key infrastructure delivery partners in receipt of S106 money to plan and account for project delivery complexities. The clawback periods are between five and ten years.

    The infrastructure list

    The Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations (2019 Amendment) Regulation 121A (1) requires the Infrastructure Funding Statement to include a statement of the infrastructure projects or types which will be or may be, wholly or partly funded by CIL.

    The list below outlines the types of infrastructure that Maidstone Borough Council intends will be, or may be, wholly or partly funded by Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) funds. This list does not signify a commitment by the Council to fund all the infrastructure listed. Nor does the inclusion of a type of infrastructure on the list guarantee or imply it will receive any CIL funding.

    Infrastructure category

    Elements relevant to Maidstone borough

    Transport

    Cycling and walking (including Public Rights of Way)
    Bus
    Rail
    Road
    Public realm

    Education

    Nursery/early years
    Primary and secondary, including SEN
    Further and higher

    Health

    Acute care
    General hospitals
    Health centres/care Hubs
    GP surgeries

    Social and community

    Community facilities
    Adult social care
    Community learning
    Youth services
    Libraries
    Sports and leisure facilities
    Heritage and visitor attractions

    Public services

    Emergency services (Police, Fire, ambulance/first responder, river rescue)
    Waste management and disposal

    Utilities

    Water supply
    Wastewater treatment and sewerage
    Electricity supply
    Gas supply
    Digital and telecommunications

    Green and blue

    Open spaces and parks
    HRA mitigation
    Waterways and water bodies
    Flood defences

    The 2019 CIL regulation amendment removed the previous restriction on the pooling of planning obligations towards a single piece of infrastructure. Alongside CIL contributions, Maidstone Borough Council may also seek planning obligations by way of a planning agreement (S106) where it can meet the statutory and policy tests and are in line with requirements set out in Maidstone’s adopted Planning Obligations Supplementary Planning Document.

    Future spend priorities

    Affordable Housing

    The provision of affordable housing as part of new development will continue to be sought through S106s in line with ‘Policy SP20 – Affordable Housing’ in the adopted Maidstone Borough Local Plan (2017), as well as the Affordable and Local Needs Housing Supplementary Planning Document (July 2020). In exceptional circumstances where affordable housing cannot be provided on-site, the Council will agree in-lieu, an affordable housing commuted sum contribution under a S106 which the Council will use to spend towards delivering new affordable homes within the borough.

    The Council currently holds £2,128,481 of monies from “off-site” developer contributions for affordable housing. MBC intends to spend this money on its own building programme for which there is an ambition to eventually increase the portfolio to 1,000 homes.

    Infrastructure

    Infrastructure provision should align with the delivery of new development. Future income will be allocated towards much needed infrastructure to support the growth of new development. Details of planned S106 expenditure across each main spend area 21/22 are set out below.

    • Education - Primary schools; Headcorn, Harrietsham, Yalding, Lenham, Southborough, Boughton Monchelsea, Marden, North Borough.  Secondary schools; Maidstone Grammar School, Valley Park, Cornwallis, Maplestone Noakes and Free School of Science and technology
    • Community learning - outreach facilities in St Faiths Adult education centre
    • Libraries - additional book stock at Allington, Coxheath, Staplehurst Kent history and library centre mobile library Harrietsham and Lenham, Hollingbourne, Marden Bearsted
    • Transportation - Marden Railway Station, Staplehurst Station Improvements, bus service enhancements in Staplehurst village
    • Healthcare - new premises for Greensand Health Centre and Sutton Valence Group Practice, premises development at Len Valley Surgery,  facilities and refurbishment includes extensions, new carpets, IT equipment etc at Stockett Lane & Orchard Surgery, Wallis Avenue, Orchard Langley, The Mote & Cobtree, Northumberland Road and Shepway surgeries, Glebe Medical Centre, Blackthorn Medical Centre, Allington Park Surgery, Aylesford Medical Practice and Brewer Street surgery, Marden Medical Centre, Bowermount surgery and Lockmeadow Surgery, Grove Green, Staplehurst Health Centre, Boughton Monchelsea, Yeomans Lane Surgery and Yalding surgery
    • Public Rights of Way -  in Detling & Thurnham Ward and Heath Ward
    • Outdoor sports facilities - at Giddyhorn Lane, Parkwood, Shepway North/South
    • Open space - Marden playing fields, Stockett Lane, play areas in Headcorn, allotments in Barming, Clare Park multi use facilities, Tovil play area, Ulcombe recreation ground, King George V playing fields, Lime Trees play area and Surrendon playing field, Millennium River Park, Jubilee Playing Fields, Midley Close play Area, Penenden Heath History Garden, Barming Heath, and Gatland Lane, River Len Nature Reserve, Glebe Fields, Senacre Recreation ground, Mote Park, White Beam Drive play area, William Pitt field, Cockpit play area, Hoggs Bridge Green, Brenchley Gardens
    • Community Facility - at St Faiths Centre, Spring Field Park and Trinity Foyer Sensory Garden
    • Town centre - public realm Earl Street, Maidstone shop front improvement scheme, town centre marketing initiative and transition study
    • Cycle park -  Marden railway station
    • Highways - M20 Junction 5 improvements, M2 Junction 5 traffic flow scheme, traffic displacement mitigation, works to Willington Street junction to wheat sheaf junction improvements and Willington Street/Wallis Avenue junction improvements, upgrade junction at Millbank/North Street, Fountain Lane, and Tonbridge Road junction modification

    Strategic CIL expenditure

    In terms of CIL, the Council will invite CIL strategic funding bids in May 2022 from a range of infrastructure delivery organisations and stakeholders. The CIL funding available for infrastructure projects across the borough will contain CIL funds of £1.4m and MBC capital funds. Projects submitted will be assessed against the infrastructure types or projects contained in our Infrastructure List within this IFS and those infrastructure projects identified in the current Infrastructure Development Plan. Schemes within the IDP identified as critical for delivery in the short term are likely to be prioritised.

    This includes, but is not limited to:

    • Traffic signalisation of the M20 J7 roundabout, widening of the coast bound off-slip and creation of a new signal-controlled pedestrian route through the junction
    • Capacity improvements at the junction of Fountain Lane and the A26/Tonbridge Road; and
    • Linton Crossroads junction improvements

    Infrastructure projects successfully awarded CIL will be reported in the IFS for 2022-2023.

    If you have any further queries or comments about this statement, please do not hesitate to contact us by email CIL@maidstone.gov.uk

    Annex 1

    Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations (2019 amendment) Regulation 121a Schedule 2 Section 1 and Section 3

    Community Infrastructure Levy

    Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations (2019 Amendment) Regulation 121A Schedule 2 Section 1

    a

    The total value of CIL set out in all demand notices issued in the reported year

    £3,844,118.81

    b

    The total amount of CIL receipts for the reported year

    £1,500,458.87

    c

    The total amount of CIL collected prior to the reported period

    £ 1,799,604.80

    d

    The total amount of CIL receipts collected and allocated for the reported year

    £60,322.60

    e

    The total amount of CIL expenditure for the reported year

    £60,322.60

    f

    The total amount of CIL receipts collected which were allocated but not spent during the reported year

    £183,188.28

    g

    In relation to CIL expenditure for the reported year, summary details of.

    1. The items of infrastructure on which CIL   (including land payments) has been spent within the reported year, and the   amount of CIL spent on each item
    2. The amount of CIL spend on repaying money   borrowed, including any interest, with details of the items of infrastructure   which that money was used to provide (wholly or in part)
    3. The amount of CIL collected towards   administration expenses (5%) of the total CIL receipts collected (£1,500,458)   in the reported period

    The amount of CIL spent on administrative expenses pursuant to regulation 61 and that amount expressed as a percentage of all CIL collected in that year in accordance with that regulation

    £0.00

    £0.00

    £75,022.96

    £38,695.44

    2.58%

    h

    In relation to CIL receipts collected and allocated but not spent during the reported year, summary details of the items of infrastructure on which CIL (including land payments) has been allocated and the amount of CIL allocated to each item

    £1,440,136.27

    (see table 2.2)

    i

    The amount of CIL passed to

    1. any parish council under regulation 59A or 59B;   and
    2. any person under regulations 59(4)

    £198,466.52

    Spent £36,946.84

    j

    1. the total collected for the reported year under   Regulation 59E (CIL returned to the Charging Authority after 5 years if not   spent) and Regulation 59F.
    2. the amount of CIL allocated during the reported   year under Regulation 59E and Regulation 59F;

    £0.00

    £0.00

    k

    1. the amount of CIL requested under Regulation 59E   for the reported year is as follows per neighbourhood zone:
    2. the amount of CIL still outstanding for recovery   under Regulation 59E at the end of the reported year for all years is as   follows for each neighbourhood zone:

    £0.00

    £0.00

    l

    1. the amount of CIL collected, not assigned for Neighbourhood CIL or CIL Administration, for the reported year and that had not been spent
    2. the amount of CIL collected, not assigned for Neighbourhood CIL or CIL Administration, from 01 October 2018 to the end of the reported year that had not been spent
    3. the amount CIL collected and that had not been spent under Regulations 59E and 59F during the reported year
    4. CIL receipts from previous years to which Regulation 59E or 59F applied retained at the end of the reported year

    £1,190,206.43

    £2,618,996.98

    £0.00

    £0.00

    Section 106

    Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations (2019 Amendment) Regulation 121A Schedule 2 Section 3

    a

    The total amount of money to be provided under any planning obligations which were entered during the reported year

    £781,130.96

    b

    The total amount of money received from planning obligations during the reported year

    £10,969,707

    c

    The total amount of money received prior to the reported year that has not been allocated

    £9,602,744.56

    d

    During the reported year the following non-monetary contributions have been agreed under planning obligations:

    1. in relation to affordable housing, the total number of units which will be provided
    2. in relation to educational facilities, the number of school places for pupils which will be provided and the category of school at which they will be provided

    105 units

    N/A

    e

    The total amount of money received from planning obligations allocated but not spent towards infrastructure during the reported year

    £25,634.50

    f

    The total amount of money (received under planning obligations) spent during the reported year (including transferring it to a third party to spend)

    £ 3,879,675

    g

    In relation to money (received under planning obligations 21/22) which was not spent during the reported year

    £7,224,150.55

    h

    In relation to money which was spent by Maidstone Borough Council during the reported year (including transferring it to a third party to spend) summary details of:

    1. the items of infrastructure on which that money (received under planning obligations) was spent, and the amount spent on each item
    2. the amount of money (received under planning obligations) spent on repaying money borrowed, including any interest, with details of the items of infrastructure which that money was used to provide (wholly or in part)
    3. the amount of money (received under planning obligations) spent in respect of monitoring (including reporting under regulation 121A) in relation to the delivery of planning obligations

    (see Table B of the report)

    £0.00

    £21,000

    i

    The total amount of money (received under planning obligations) during any year which was retained at the end of the reported year and where any of the retained money has been allocated for the purposes of long-term maintenance (commuted sums), also identify separately the total amount of commuted sums held.

    £20,058,156

    £288,779.01