22 JANUARY 2018


Medium Term Financial Strategy and Budget Proposals


Final Decision-Maker


Lead Head of Service/Lead Director

Mark Green, Director of Finance and Business Improvement

Lead Officer and Report Author

Mark Green, Director of Finance and Business Improvement




Wards affected



Executive Summary

This report forms part of the process of agreeing a budget for 2018/19 and setting next year’s Council Tax.  Following agreement by Council of the Medium Term Financial Strategy at its meeting on 25 October 2017, this report sets out budget proposals for services within the remit of this Committee.   



This report makes the following recommendations to this Committee:

It is recommended that the Committee:  

1.   Agrees the budget proposals for services within the remit of this Committee as set out in Appendix C for submission to Policy and Resources Committee.






Strategic Planning, Sustainability and Transportation Committee

22 January 2018

Policy and Resources Committee

14 February 2018


28 February 2018

Medium Term Financial Strategy and Budget Proposals




        Medium Term Financial Strategy


1.1     At its meeting on 25 October 2017, Council agreed a Medium Term Financial Strategy (MTFS) for the next five years.  The starting point for the MTFS is that budget savings for 2017/18 are on track for delivery, a modest underspend is currently projected for the year as a whole, and the level of reserves is adequate, but not excessive.


1.2     The MTFS provides the financial underpinning for the Council’s Strategic Plan, in particular the three action areas highlighted for specific focus: a clean and safe environment; regenerating the Town Centre; and a home for everyone, ie tackling homelessness and improving housing supply.


1.3     There is a high degree of uncertainty about the external environment.  The four year financial settlement to local authorities announced in 2016 has another two years to run.  This includes £1.6 million negative Revenue Support Grant payable by the Council to central government in 2019/20, but the four year settlement at least provides a measure of certainty about the Council’s funding position in the short term.  However, after 2020/21 it remains unclear how any new financial settlement will affect the Council.  It is also unclear how the lower level of overall economic growth now projected by the Office of Budget Responsibility will impact the Council.


1.4     Given uncertainty about the future, various potential scenarios were modelled in the MTFS, representing (a) favourable, (b) neutral and (c) adverse sets of circumstances.  All scenarios assumed that budget savings included within the existing MTFS, set out in Appendix B, can be delivered.  Projections were prepared for each of the scenarios modelled and the MTFS stated that budget proposals would be sought to address all the potential scenarios.


Updates to Strategic Revenue Projections


Council Tax


1.5     The MTFS assumed in all scenarios that Band D Council Tax would continue to increase by £4.95 per annum, reverting to 2% in 2019/20 when this becomes a greater figure than £4.95.


1.6     The other key assumption regarding Council Tax is the number of new properties.  The number of new properties has been increasing in recent years, from a low of 0.38% in 2014 to 1.18% in 2016.  Assumptions were as follows:


Favourable – 2%

Neutral – 1.5%

Adverse – 1%


1.7     The Council Tax base for 2018/19 has now been calculated and is the subject of a separate report on your agenda.  This shows an increase of 1.6% in new properties for the year to 20 September 2017.  The SRP has been updated to reflect this and the related Council Tax base increase.


Business Rates


1.8     Business rates income is highly volatile, owing to the large number of assessments that are subject to appeals.  However, the underlying pattern is of continuing growth in business rates income above and beyond the baseline figure assumed in the government’s funding settlement.  The assumption included in the MTFS of growth of 2% has therefore been retained.


1.9     It is likely that as part of any new funding settlement with effect from 2020/21, business rates growth will be reset to zero.  In other words, councils will lose the benefit of growth accumulated since the introduction of the present system in 2014, and their share of business rates will be recalculated based on the results of the Fair Funding Review.  This review is intended to reset the starting point for local authorities’ funding, based on their respective needs and resources.  It will have the effect of redistributing resources away from high business rates growth areas to low growth areas in the short term. 


1.10 Some of business rates growth is currently being used to fund the Council’s economic development activity.  Given the volatility of business rates, this source of income is not stable and cannot be predicted with certainty for the future.  Accordingly, this feeds into the corporate risk that financial restrictions limit the Council’s capacity to promote the borough’s future financial growth.


Fees and Charges


1.11 The MTFS assumes that fees and charges will increase in line with overall inflation assumptions.  Any volume increase is offset by the drag on increases caused by the fact that not all fees and charges are within the Council’s control, many being set by statute.  This assumption continues to be applied in the updated SRP.


1.12 It is assumed that the Planning Fee increases announced by the government in Spring 2017, implementation of which was then delayed by the General Election, will apply for the whole of 2018/19.




1.13 Inflation continues to be at a higher level than the government’s 2% target.  The main impact of inflation for the Council will be in its effect on payroll costs.  In the Chancellor’s Budget Statement on 22 November, pay increases for the public sector were left to be determined based on the recommendations of individual sector pay review bodies.  Maidstone Borough Council agrees pay for its staff independently of local government collective arrangements, so is not bound by these.  The updated SRP retains the assumption of a 1% pay increase that was included within the MTFS agreed by Council in October.


Spending Pressures


1.14 Allowance is made in the SRP for known spending pressures.  The main additional spending pressures now included are as follows:


Temporary Accommodation £218,000 – The existing MTFS assumed that £118,000 of the additional funding put into Temporary Accommodation in 2017/18 could be withdrawn.  Continuing pressures in this area mean that this is not realistic; instead an additional £100,000 will be required, based on current projections.


Loss of interest income £120,000 – Continuing low interest receivable on cash balances means that the budget level of interest is not achievable.  To date the recent increase in Bank of England base rates has not led to a corresponding increase in returns available in the market.


Planning enforcement £100,000 – There is currently a backlog of planning enforcement work, so a one-off provision has been included in the MTFS for 2018/19 to allow this to be addressed.  This has been funded through a reduction of £100,000 in the provision for Planning appeal costs, which were originally estimated as £500,000 in the MTFS, based on a current assessment of the risks faced.  Provision had already been made for Planning appeal costs in the existing MTFS.  Whilst the provision will be charged to 2018/19, if necessary any unused provision may be carried forward to subsequent years.


Market £40,000 – The market operated by Maidstone Council at Lockmeadow has consistently under-performed on its income targets.  Whilst steps are being taken to develop new income sources, it is considered that a reduction of £40,000 on an ongoing basis should be incorporated into the SRP.


Heather House £25,000 – Communities, Housing & Environment Committee has recently decided to continue operating Heather House as a community hall.  Income generated from the hall is currently well below budget levels and although it is hoped that income can be built up again it is appropriate to include a provision for an ongoing shortfall of £25,000.


Chancellor’s Budget Statement


1.15 The Chancellor’s Budget Statement on 22 November 2018 reflected more pessimistic growth projections from the Office of Budget Responsibility.  Whilst the main impact of the reduced growth was offset by projected increases in government borrowing, the implications for general economic growth and for public sector spending are unfavourable.


1.16 The statement included the following announcements relevant to local government:




- A range of measures were announced, with the intention of increasing the rate of new home construction to 300,000 per annum, including an additional £2.7 billion for the Housing Infrastructure Fund , £1 billion for a new Land Assembly Fund and £630 million for a Small Sites Fund.


- The Housing Revenue Account borrowing cap has been lifted for Councils in areas of ‘high affordability pressure’.  (This will not benefit non-housing stock owning Councils such as Maidstone).


- Councils may increase the Council Tax Empty Homes premium as an incentive to bring properties back into use.


Business Rates


- The annual business rates increase will now be based on the Consumer Prices Index, rather than the higher Retail Prices Index.  Given that CPI is running at 3%, this will still mean a significant increase for businesses.


- The frequency of business rates revaluations will be increased to once every three years, compared with once every five years now.


- Local government will be fully compensated for the loss of income as a result of these measures.


- A 100% business rates retention pilot was announced for London, but applications for pilots from outside London, including Kent’s, are still under consideration by the Department for Communities and Local Government.


1.17 There were no announcements about future local government funding, so it is not proposed to make any specific updates to the SRP arising from the budget.




1.18 The overall effect of the changes in assumptions set out above is to increase the cumulative budget gap at the end of the five year financial planning period in the neutral scenario from £3.8 million in the MTFS to £4.6 million now.  Appendix A sets out the updated neutral scenario Strategic Revenue Projection.


1.19 At this stage, given that there have been no fundamental changes required to the MTFS budget assumptions, and given the certainty provided by the four year funding settlement, it is appropriate to plan for the short term on the basis of the neutral budget scenario.  However, this assumption will continue to be kept under review, both when finalising the budget for 2018/19 and when updating the MTFS as part of next year’s budget process.


Budget Proposals


1.20 Budget proposals have been developed in response to the projections set out in the MTFS.  Heads of Service were asked to develop proposals both in response to the neutral scenario and to the adverse scenario.  ‘Neutral scenario’ proposals were based on achieving further service efficiencies, increasing income, and investing to generate revenue growth.  The ‘neutral’ budget proposals, if delivered, will ensure that the budget remit of a balanced position for 2018/19 can be secured.  Details of budget proposals relating to services within the remit of this Committee are set out in Appendix C.


1.21 Two changes have been made to the existing budget proposals within the remit of this Committee that were agreed by Council in March 2017.  The saving of £40,000 arising from the reduction in appeals following Local Plan adoption has been re-scheduled from 2018/19 to 2020/21.  This is because of the backlog of appeals that relate to the period preceding adoption of the Local Plan.  A saving of £50,000 from reduction in Planning Policy work arising from adoption of the Local Plan has been removed as it is not deliverable, given the requirement that has now arisen for the Local Plan to be reviewed by 2020.  This saving has been substituted with a new saving proposal totalling £50,000 over the four years 2019/20 to 2022/23, for the funding of staff costs from the Community Infrastructure Levy.  This saving is shown in Appendix C.  The existing budget proposals, as amended, are set out in Appendix B. 


1.22 In addition to agreeing the budget proposals set out in Appendix B, Council agreed at its meeting on 1st March 2017 to implement the 20% increase in planning fees that had recently been proposed by the government.  This would be used to fund an increase in planning expenditure of £180,000 in 2017/18 and a further £70,000 in 2018/19.  At the time of writing, the planning fee increase has not yet been implemented, but it is anticipated that it will be implemented in time to generate a full year’s income for 2018/19 with a corresponding increase in expenditure.


1.23 The overall effect of the above changes for Planning Service expenditure for 2018/19 will therefore be as follows:



Existing saving – as per Appendix B                            -120,000

Expenditure growth – funded by Planning Fee increase 250,000

One-off investment in Enforcement (see para 1.14)     100,000

Net increase in expenditure                                          230,000


1.24  ‘Adverse scenario’ proposals were developed for contingency planning purposes, based on a more radical approach, including service cuts.  It is not proposed to explore these options further at this stage, given that the ‘neutral’ proposals and existing agreed savings proposals are sufficient to meet the budget remit.  The ‘adverse’ budget proposals will be revisited and updated as necessary if it appears that the assumptions on which neutral scenario is based are no longer valid.






2.1     Agree the budget proposals relating to this Committee as set out in Appendix C for onward submission to the Policy and Resources Committee.


2.2     Propose changes to the budget proposals for consideration by the Policy and Resources Committee.


2.3     Make no comment on the budget proposals.




3.1     The Policy and Resources Committee must recommend to Council at its meeting on 14 February 2018 a balanced budget and a proposed level of Council Tax for the coming year. The budget proposals included in this report will allow the Policy and Resources Committee to do this.  Accordingly, the preferred option is that this Committee agrees the budget proposals at Appendix C..



4.       RISK

4.1     The Council's MTFS is subject to a high degree of risk and certainty.  In order to address this in a structured way and to ensure that appropriate mitigations are developed, the Council has developed a budget risk register.  This seeks to capture all known budget risks and to present them in a readily comprehensible way.  The budget risk register is updated regularly and is reviewed by the Audit, Governance and Standards Committee at each of its meetings.       





5.1     Policy and Resources Committee received an initial report on the MTFS at its meeting on 28 June 2017 and it agreed the approach set out in that report to development of an updated MTFS for 2018/19 - 2022/23 and a budget for 2018/19.


5.2     Policy and Resources Committee then considered a draft MTFS at its meeting on 25 July 2017, which was agreed for submission to Council.  The MTFS included descriptions of the different scenarios facing the Council and described how budget proposals would be sought for all scenarios, so that the Council might be suitably prepared for the adverse scenario, as defined.  Council agreed the MTFS at its meeting on 25 October 2017.


5.3     Detailed budget proposals were reported to Policy and Resources Committee at its meeting on 13th December 2017 and it was noted that they would be considered by the relevant Service Committees, including this Committee, during January 2018.  Residents' and businesses' views will also be sought.







6.1     The timetable for setting the budget for 2018/19 is set out below.





13 December 2017

Policy and Resources Committee

Agree initial 18/19 budget proposals for consideration by Service Committees

January 2018

All Service Committees

Consider 18/19 budget proposals

14 February 2018

Policy and Resources Committee

Agree 18/19 budget proposals for recommendation to Council

28 February 2018


Approve 18/19 budget








Impact on Corporate Priorities

The Medium Term Financial Strategy and the budget are a re-statement in financial terms of the priorities set out in the strategic plan. They reflect the Council’s decisions on the allocation of resources to all objectives of the strategic plan.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team

Risk Management

See section 4 above.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team


The budget strategy and the MTFS impact upon all activities of the Council. The future availability of resources to address specific issues is planned through this process. It is important that the committee gives consideration to the strategic financial consequences of the recommendations in this report.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team


The process of developing the budget strategy will identify the level of resources available for staffing over the medium term.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team


The Council has a statutory obligation to set a balanced budget and development of the MTFS and the strategic revenue projection in the ways set out in this report supports achievement of a balanced budget.

Legal Team

Privacy and Data Protection

Adopting a budget has no incremental impact on privacy and data protection.  All budgetary data is held in line with current policies and procedures. 

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team


Where appropriate, Equalities Impact Assessments are carried out for specific budget proposals.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team

Crime and Disorder

The resources to achieve the Council’s objectives are allocated through the development of the Medium term Financial Strategy.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team


The resources to achieve the Council’s objectives are allocated through the development of the Medium term Financial Strategy.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team





The following documents are to be published with this report and form part of the report:

·         Appendix A: Strategic Revenue Projection

·         Appendix B: Budget Proposals in existing MTFS (updated)

·         Appendix C: New Budget Proposals – Neutral Scenario





There are no background papers.