Your Councillors


12 January 2021


Medium Term Financial Strategy and Budget Proposals


Final Decision-Maker


Lead Head of Service/Lead Director

Mark Green, Director of Finance and Business Improvement

Lead Officer and Report Author

Mark Green, Director of Finance and Business Improvement



Wards affected



Executive Summary

This report forms part of the process of agreeing a budget for 2021/22 and setting next year’s Council Tax.  Following consideration by this Committee at its meeting on 8 December 2020 of the draft Medium Term Finance Strategy for 2021/22 – 2025/26, this report sets out budget proposals for services within the remit of the Committee.  These proposals will then be considered by Policy and Resources Committee at its meeting on 10 February 2021, with a view to determining a budget for submission to Council.



This report makes the following recommendations to this Committee:

1.   That the revenue budget proposals for services within the remit of this Committee, as set out in Appendix A, be agreed for submission to Policy and Resources Committee.






Strategic Planning and Infrastructure Committee

12 January 2021

Policy and Resources Committee

10 February 2021


24 February 2021

Medium Term Financial Strategy and Budget Proposals








Impact on Corporate Priorities

The Medium Term Financial Strategy and the budget are a re-statement in financial terms of the priorities set out in the strategic plan. They reflect the Council’s decisions on the allocation of resources to all objectives of the strategic plan.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team

Cross Cutting Objectives

The MTFS supports the cross-cutting objectives in the same way that it supports the Council’s other strategic priorities.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team

Risk Management

This has been addressed in section 5 of the report.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team


The budget strategy and the MTFS impact upon all activities of the Council. The future availability of resources to address specific issues is planned through this process. It is important that the committee gives consideration to the strategic financial consequences of the recommendations in this report.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team


The process of developing the budget strategy will identify the level of resources available for staffing over the medium term.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team


Under Section 151 of the Local Government Act 1972 (LGA 1972) the Section 151 Officer has statutory duties in relation to the financial administration and stewardship of the authority, including securing effective arrangements for treasury management.  The legal implications are detailed within the body of the report which is compliant with statutory and legal regulations such as the CIPFA Code of Practice on Treasury Management in Local Authorities. 

In considering the impact of Covid-19 on the

Council’s financial position in 2020/21,

consideration should be given to the Council’s

legal duty to set a balanced budget.

Appropriate remedial action should be taken if

at any time it appears likely that expenditure

will exceed available resources. The S151

Officer has a personal duty under Section

114(3) of the Local Government Finance Act

1988 to report to the Council if it appears that

the set budget will be exceeded. Having

received a S114 report, members are obliged

to take all reasonable practical measures to

bring the budget back into balance.

The Council is required to set a council tax by the 11 March in any year and has a statutory obligation to set a balanced budget.  The budget requirements and basic amount of Council Tax must be calculated in accordance with the requirements of sections 31A and 31B to the Local Government Finance Act 1992 (as amended by sections 73-79 of the Localism Act 2011).

The Council is required to determine whether the basic amount of council tax is excessive as prescribed in regulations - section 52ZB of the 1992 Act as inserted under Schedule 5 to the Localism Act 2011.  The Council is required to hold a referendum of all registered electors in the borough if the prescribed requirements regarding whether the increase is excessive are met. 

Approval of the budget is a matter reserved for full Council upon recommendation by Policy and Resources Committee on budget and policy matters.

Principal Solicitor Corporate Governance

Privacy and Data Protection

Privacy and Data Protection is considered as part of the development of new budget proposals.  There are no specific implications arising from this report.


Policy and Information Team


The MFTS report scopes the possible impact of the Council’s future financial position on service delivery.  When a policy, service or function is developed, changed or reviewed, an evidence-based equalities impact assessment will be undertaken.  Should an impact be identified appropriate mitigations with be identified.


Equalities and Corporate Policy Officer

Public Health



The resources to achieve the Council’s objectives are allocated through the development of the Medium Term Financial Strategy.

Public Health Officer

Crime and Disorder

The resources to achieve the Council’s objectives are allocated through the development of the Medium Term Financial Strategy.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team


The resources to achieve the Council’s objectives are allocated through the development of the Medium Term Financial Strategy.

Section 151 Officer & Finance Team




Medium Term Financial Strategy


2.1   At its meeting on 8 December 2020, this Committee considered a draft Medium Term Financial Strategy (MTFS) for the next five years.  No material amendments were proposed to the Strategy by this Committee or the other Committees which considered it in December, so it will now go forward to Council for approval at its meeting on 24 February.


2.2     The MTFS sets out in financial terms how the Strategic Plan will be delivered, given the resources available.  The MTFS builds on the previous year’s MTFS, but reflects the impact of Covid-19 by incorporating a re-prioritisation of Strategic Plan objectives, together with proposals for transformational budget savings to address the financial challenges that the Council now faces.


2.3     The financial projections underlying the MTFS were prepared under three different scenarios – adverse, neutral and favourable.  All three scenarios assumed that budget proposals for future years which have already been agreed by Council will be delivered, and that Council Tax is increased by 2% in 2021/22.  Existing budget savings proposals are shown in Appendix A for this Committee and total £1.7 million for all Committees over the MTFS period.


Local Government Finance Settlement 2021/22


2.4     The Provisional Local Government Finance Settlement for 2021/22 was announced on 17 December 2020.  This confirmed several of the key assumptions incorporated in the MTFS.


-      The Council Tax referendum limit will be 2%.

-      The existing Business Rates regime will remain in place.  Whilst the business rates multiplier will be frozen for ratepayers, local authorities will be compensated for the consequent loss of an inflationary increase.

-      There will be no negative Revenue Support Grant.


2.5     Additionally, the Finance Settlement recognised the likely continuing impact of Covid-19 in 2021/22, and included a number of measures intended to support local government:


-              a further £1.55 billion unringfenced grant to manage the immediate and long-term impacts of the pandemic;

-              £670 million to help address the loss of Council income arising from more taxpayers requiring Council Tax Support;

-              ongoing compensation for 75% of lost sales, fees and charges for the first three months of 2021/22.


The government expects councils to use the £1.55 billion unringfenced grant for priority pressures such as household waste collection, homelessness and rough sleeping, support for re-opening the country and the additional costs associated with local elections in May 2021.  Councils have been told to plan on the basis of not receiving any additional funding for these pressures, so a careful assessment is needed of the financial impact of the pressures before concluding that any of the grant can released to support general spending.


2.6     As announced in the Chancellor’s Spending Review on 25 November, Public Works Loan Board (PWLB) lending terms have been altered to prevent the use of PWLB borrowing for investment property bought primarily for yield.  In return lending rates have been reduced by 1%, reducing the cost of borrowing.


2.7     There will be a new round of New Homes Bonus (NHB) payments in 2021/22, but there will be no ongoing payments in future years (as envisaged when NHB was introduced originally).  In Maidstone’s case, this means that New Homes Bonus will fall from £4.4 million in 2020/21 to £3.8 million in 2021/22.  Other authorities have seen much bigger reductions, so to prevent those authorities seeing an overall reduction in their Core Spending Power, the government is using a new grant, the Lower Tier Services Grant (LTSG) , to cushion the impact. 


2.8     The outcomes for the Council’s budget gap of the above measures, before allowing for any further growth or savings, are set out below.




















Budget gap (-) / surplus as reported on 01/12/20













Local Council Tax Support grant (note A)

Sales Fees and Charges compensation (note A)

Business Rates indexation

Reduction in borrowing costs (note B)





























Updated budget gap (-) / surplus












A.  See para 2.5 above.  One-off grants are shown as reversing out in 21/22, to reflect the fact that they will only offset the ongoing budget gap for one year.

B.  The reduction in borrowing costs is assumed to be sustained over the five year MTFS planning period.  It benefits every year, reflecting the fact that further borrowing is planned every year.

C.  The above table does not include Maidstone’s share of the £1.55 bn unringfenced Covid-19 grant, amounting in our case to £860,000, on the basis that it will be required to deal with Covid-19 related pressures.  The position will be monitored carefully during the course of the year to confirm whether this is in fact the case.  If not, the Council may decide to release some of the grant to address general budget pressures.

D.  It is assumed that Maidstone’s share of the LTSG, amounting to £139,000, is treated in the same way as New Homes Bonus, ie it is ringfenced for capital expenditure unless required to bridge the budget gap over the coming three years.


E.  Final projections for the MTFS planning period will be set out in a Strategic Revenue Projection, to accompany the budget proposals to be considered by P & R Committee on 10 February 2021.


2.9     It can be seen from the table above that the effect of the government’s announcements is to reduce the budget gap and to defer some of the impact to future years.  It remains the case that the Council needs to continue planning for a significant reduction in resources over the next three years.


2.10  As explained in the draft MTFS, it may take 3 – 4 years to deliver savings to cover the budget gap.  It is therefore proposed that any budget gap not covered within the year that it arises will be covered by revenue resources hitherto earmarked for other purposes, starting with New Homes Bonus.


Revenue Budget Proposals


2.11  The MTFS outlined an approach to addressing the budget gap, which combined a re-prioritisation of Strategic Plan objectives, together with proposals for transformational budget savings.  Members considered at Policy and Resources Committee on 16th September 2020 a number of ways in which the Strategic Plan could be re-prioritised, including:


-      A more modest direction of travel in developing the museum

-      Reconsidering the sustainability of the Hazlitt Theatre

-      Reviewing the scope of our community safety work.


At the same time, a number of lines of inquiry, to include radical initiatives to change the way the Council works, would be explored, as follows:


1.   Review of office accommodation

2.   Better use of technology

3.   Better use of external grant funding

4.   Identifying further opportunities for income generation

5.   Capital investment to generate revenue savings

6.   Service improvements, eg better service commissioning

7.   Review of shared service arrangements

8.   Review of staff reward packages

9.   Review of the structure of democratic representation

10.Exploit synergies between service areas.


In pursuing these lines of inquiry, it was made clear that no service could be exempt from the requirement to consider the need for transformation.   Budget savings in relation to 2 and 6 have been identified within the remit of this Committee and are described below.  Additionally, budget growth needs to be accommodated as described below under the heading ‘Other savings and growth’.  All proposed new revenue budget savings and growth items are set out in in Appendix A, together with existing budget savings agreed as part of the budget process in previous years.


2.12  Better use of technology


There continues to be scope for improvement in the use of technology in the planning service.  Innovation in respect of digitalisation / archiving is expected to yield £75,000 of savings in Development Management by 2022/23.  This will be the result of a corporate transformation project in respect of new ways of working / service innovation.


Note that no savings, other than those agreed at the time of the last budget setting in February 2020, are being put forward for Planning in 2021/22, in order to allow time for proposals around better use of technology to be developed fully.


2.13  Service improvements


As noted in a report on re-prioritisation of strategic objectives to Policy and Resources Committee on 16th September 2020, the Government is currently consulting on far reaching changes to the planning system through its “Planning for the Future” White Paper.  It was agreed that action was required on the Council’s part to reflect on the effectiveness of our current services and reconsider our service delivery model.  Along with better use of technology, it is anticipated that this will yield £75,000 of savings by 2023/24 through bringing in the concepts introduced in the White Paper around the simplification of the Local Plans process.


2.14  Other savings and growth - Parking


9 parking bays have been removed from King Street to accommodate a cycle scheme introduced by Kent County Council in 2020.  Although this scheme is still subject to consultation, it is assumed that there will be a permanent loss of income from these bays.


Note that parking income overall is expected to be lower in 2021/22 than the previous budgeted figure, owing to the ongoing impact of Covid-19.  For budgeting purposes, this loss of income is treated as a temporary change in income rather than a permanent change, so is not dealt with as a savings / growth item.  The anticipated increase in income of £30,000 in 2021/22, included in ‘existing savings’ in Appendix A, is likewise deferred until 2022/23.  The likely actual position for 2022/23 will be reviewed again as part of the budget setting process this time next year.


2.15  Budget proposals have been developed, following the same principles, for services within the remit of the other Service Committees.  Taken in total, it is projected that the savings proposals will allow the budget to be balanced over the three years 2021/22 to 2023/24.





3.1   Agree the budget proposals relating to this Committee as set out in Appendix A for onward submission to the Policy and Resources Committee.


3.2  Propose changes to the budget proposals.


3.3   Make no comment on the budget proposals.





4.1   The Policy and Resources Committee must recommend to Council at its meeting on 10 February 2021 a balanced budget and a proposed level of Council Tax for the coming year. The budget proposals included in this report will allow the Policy and Resources Committee to do this.  Accordingly, the preferred option is that this Committee agrees the budget proposals at Appendix A.



5.    RISK

5.1   The Council's MTFS is subject to a high degree of risk and uncertainty. In order to address this in a structured way and to ensure that appropriate mitigations are developed, the Council has developed a budget risk register.  This seeks to capture all known budget risks and to present them in a readily comprehensible way. The budget risk register is updated regularly and is reviewed by the Audit, Governance and Standards Committee at each of its meetings.





6.1   Policy and Resources Committee received an initial report on the MTFS at its meeting on 21 July 2020 and it agreed the approach set out in that report to development of an MTFS for 2021/22 - 2025/26 and a budget for 2021/22.


6.2   Service Committees and Policy and Resources Committee then considered a draft MTFS at their meetings in December 2020.


6.3  Public consultation on the budget has been carried out.  Details were reported to this Committee at its meeting in December 2020.





7.1     The timetable for developing the budget for 2021/22 is set out below.





January 2021

All Service Committees

Consider 21/22 budget proposals

10 February 2021

Policy and Resources Committee

Agree 21/22 budget proposals for recommendation to Council

24 February 2021


Approve 21/22 budget






The following documents are to be published with this report and form part of the report:

·         Appendix A: Revenue Budget Proposals 2021/22 – 2025/26





There are no background papers.